“The PRC’s actions threaten to undermine security, stability and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific,” said Austin, using the acronym to refer to the country by its official name, the People’s Republic of China.
Taiwan played a key role in Austin’s speech, such as during a bilateral meeting between Austin and Chinese Defense Minister Wei Fenghe on Friday night.
During that meeting, both sides accused the other of trying to change the decades-long status quo on the self-governing island of Taiwan.
Austin denied such action by Washington on Saturday.
But Austin said China works differently.
“We have witnessed a steady increase in provocative and destabilizing military activities near Taiwan. This includes PLA aircraft flying near Taiwan in record numbers in recent months – and on an almost daily basis,” it said. he said, referring to Chinese warplane flights to Taiwan’s Air Defense Identification Zone.
Later Saturday, China called Austin’s speech a “confrontation.”
“There have been many unfounded accusations against China, and we have expressed our deep dissatisfaction with and firm opposition to these false accusations,” Lt. Gen. Zhang Zhenzhong, deputy chief of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told reporters. of the Central Military Commission of China.
Zhang accused the US of breaking the pledge not to support “Taiwan independence”, saying the US is “obviously inconsistent in words and deeds”.
On Friday, China had accused Washington of threatening the status quo on the island with things like arms sales, which Beijing said “seriously undermined China’s sovereignty and security interests.”
During his meeting with Austin, Wei reiterated China’s long-held position that it was ready to go to war if Taiwan declared independence from the mainland.
“Defense Minister Wei Fenghe stressed that if anyone dares to separate Taiwan from China, the Chinese military will spare no effort to wage a war and annihilate any attempt at ‘Taiwan independence’ at all costs. and resolutely safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity,” Wu Qian, spokesperson for China’s Defense Ministry, said at a press conference after the meeting.
Austin said on Saturday that the United States does not want war in the region.
“We are not looking for confrontation or conflict. And we are not looking for a new Cold War, an Asian NATO or a region divided into hostile blocs,” he said.
But Austin said Washington was unwavering in its support for allies and partners.
And his accusations against China on Saturday went far beyond Taiwan.
“In the East China Sea, (China’s) expanding fishing fleet is causing tension with its neighbors. In the South China Sea, (China) is using outposts on artificial islands bristling with weapons progress to advance its illegal maritime claims,” Austin said. said.
“We see (Chinese) ships plundering supplies from the region, operating illegally in the territorial waters of other Indo-Pacific countries. And further west, we see Beijing continuing to harden its stance along the border it shares with him. India.”
“The Ukraine of today may be East Asia tomorrow”
“Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is what happens when the oppressors trample on the rules that protect us all,” he said. “This is what happens when great powers decide that their imperial appetites matter more than the rights of their peaceful neighbours. And it’s a glimpse into a possible world of chaos and turmoil in which none of us would like to live.”
How a war on a distant continent can affect Pacific security was also brought to the forefront of the discussion on Friday night by Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida in a keynote address at Shangri-La.
“The Ukraine of today may be East Asia tomorrow,” Kishida said, adding that to ensure its security, Tokyo would significantly increase its defense budget.
“We will not rule out any options, including so-called ‘counterattack capabilities’, and realistically consider what is needed to protect the lives and livelihoods of our people,” he said. declared.
Austin Saturday noted the larger roles Japan and other allies play in U.S. Pacific policy, listing a series of joint military exercises in which they have participated.
“We are also forging closer ties with other partners,” Austin said. “I am thinking in particular of India, the world’s largest democracy. We believe that its growing military capacity and technological prowess can be a stabilizing force in the region.”
This will include the permanent stationing of a coast guard in the area for the first time, he said.
Zhang, the Chinese military official, said later Saturday that the US strategy in the Indo-Pacific was to “maintain its hegemony”.
“The United States is trying to form a small circle in the Asia-Pacific region by enlisting in some countries to incite against other countries,” Zhang said, accusing the United States of trying to “push the region Indo-Pacific in the trap of geopolitical games and confrontation of camps.
Austin said earlier that the Biden administration is ready to become a leader and guarantor of the free and open Indo-Pacific it espouses.
“Great powers bear great responsibilities,” Austin said. “And so we will do our part to manage these tensions responsibly, to prevent conflict and to pursue peace and prosperity.”
CNN’s Yong Xiong in Seoul contributed to this report.